Instruction to Authors

Laparoscopic Endoscopic Surgical Science (LESS) is a peer-reviewed, independent, international periodical that considers for publication clinical and experimental studies, reviews, case reports, technical contributions, and letters to the editor. Scope of the journal covers the minimally invasive surgical and endoscopic interventions. It is an open access journal and published four times a year in English. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of data and the journal is in compliance with the uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals published by the ICMJ (updated in August 2013)

Submitting manuscripts
LESS accepts online manuscript submission and creating an account before submission is required (

Preparation of manuscripts
Title page should include the title of the manuscript, list of the author(s)’ full name(s), email(s) and affiliation(s). Corresponding author’s full name, contact information including address, phone, and email address are required.

Abstract and key words: Abstract (maximum 250 words) and keywords (minimum three) should be in order. For research articles, the abstract subheadings as Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion (IMRaD) are required.

Main text should be in the IMRaD format (Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion) for the research articles. For case reports or technical notes, Introduction, Case (or technique) and Discussion sections are necessary. For reviews articles, no special section subheadings are needed. We discourage the use of any but the most necessary of abbreviations.

References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (6 authors then "et al"). Vancouver referencing style should be used for all references (

Tables and Figures should be in separate files from the main text and uploaded separately. They have to be numbered consecutively in the text order. Tables should be uploaded in MS Word (.doc) and should not be uploaded as pdf, jpeg or else. Figures should be saved in JPEG or TIFF format. No figure should be reproduced from other sources without permission and the ethical requirements of the photographs should be protected. Publication of any personal information or figure about an identifiable living patient requires the explicit consent of the patient or guardian.

No fee is charged for submission, publishing, colored figures or open access. Publication in this journal is free of charge. All the costs are covered by the Turkish Association for Endoscopic Laparoscopic Surgery.